• சுனாமிக்குப் பின் நிலைத்த வாழ்வாதார திட்டம்

    Post Tsunami Sustainable Livelihood Programme

 

Components

Components

4. Programme Components:



(i) Coastal Area Resource Management:



(a) Community Support:



Community Support is provided through Cluster Resource Centre (CRCs) which is a group of coastal Panchayats. In the Project area 30 Cluster Resource Centres have been established by Facilitating NGOs (FNGOs). Three staff for each Cluster Resource Centre viz., a Cluster Coordinator, Facilitator & Business Promoter have been recruited. The Cluster Resource Centre provides support to the local community in implementing the project activities.

(b) Community Resource Planning:



The Cluster Resource Centre personnel aid the community in a Participatory Resource Mapping exercise, which identifies and prioritize the infrastructure needs of the community. Infrastructure Micro Plans for implementation are developed based on the Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) which also reflects environmental and gender concerns and also Livelihood options.

The Programme makes available funds to the community for implementing the Micro Plans, 10% of which are contributed by the community by way of cash.

(c) Fisheries Resource Management:



The expertise of specialist Organizations in the fisheries sector are utilized in Fisheries Resource Management. The project promotes responsible safe fishing practices. Creating awareness through holding workshops on environmental impact, diversifying fishing operations etc are other important activities that are being undertaken.

(ii) Rural Finance and Risk Transfer Instruments:



(a) Micro credit for SHGs: Training to SHG members are given to identify Income Generating Activities and bank linkages are facilitated by the Cluster Resource Centres.

The District Implementation Office (DIO) in coordination with Cluster Resource Centres conduct sensitization workshops to the bank staff and financial institutions. Exposure visits are arranged for the bankers, to understand the importance of timely credit assistance.

(b) Risk management and Insurance: The District Implementation Offices (DIOs) arrange workshops to discuss the risk management needs of the fishing community. For this Vulnerability Reduction Fund is set up which extends soft loans at the time of disasters. This fund is administered by PLFs of which the project contribute 4/5 the share and the balance 1/5 share by the community. Workshops on insurance help the community to decide on suitable insurance products. Self Help Groups and the members of fish marketing societies are given training on insurance.

(c) Establishment of Venture Capital Fund: This Fund would supplement the loans from banks to Self Help Groups and fishermen societies. The fund will be managed by a professional Financial or Business establishment that has necessary skills to provide support for the enterprises to become successful. The establishment would be selected through procurement procedures laid down by IFAD.

iii) Employment Generation and Skill Training:


a) Support to SHGs:



A Structured Survey to assess the status of Self Help Groups, NGOs and Federations was undertaken, which indicated areas of weakness and has suggested measures to strengthen them. The Facilitating NGO, through the Cluster Resource Centre personnel undertake Capacity building training of weak Self Help Groups, promote credit linkages and emergence of Federations.

(b) Formation of Fish Marketing Societies:



The Programme Management Unit (PMU) has entered into an agreement with South Indian Federation of Fishermen Societies (SIFFS) through a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for setting up of Fish Marketing Societies, limiting membership to owners of small crafts, Kattumarams and Vallams. South Indian Federation of Fishermen Societies are also given grants to finance loan redemption of fisher folk. The Programme Management Unit examines proposals submitted by South Indian Federation of Fishermen Societies for Out Board Motor (OBM) repair centres and give clearances.

(c) Vocational Training:



The Resource NGO (RNGO) identifies viable trades which can be taken up for Vocational training by the youth and identify suitable institutes and organizations for training. The RNGO specify the courses offered, duration, cost in terms of scholarship, stipend etc. The Cluster Resource Centres coordinate the receipt of applications, 25% of those trained should be women.

(d) Micro Enterprise Development:



Technical specialists / reputed organizations / institutes are engaged in conducting district wise sub sector studies and analysis. The Programme Management Unit in partnership with Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) / organizations that have experience in development of micro enterprises work to develop a cluster of enterprises in the identified sub sector.