Coastal Area Resource Management
(I) Coastal Area Resource Management:
(a) Community Support:
At the grassroot level, the programme is supported by the Cluster Resource Centres. A Cluster Resource Centre (CRC) is a group of 5 – 7 coastal panchayats. 28 CRCs have been established in the project area in partnership with Facilitating Non-Governmental Organizations (FNGOs). A Cluster Coordinator, a Facilitator and a Business Promoter have been placed in each of the CRCs.
(b) Community Resource Planning:
The community with the active help of the personnel of the CRC undertakes a Participatory Resource Mapping exercise, which identifies and prioritizes the infrastructure needs of the community. Infrastructure micro plans are developed based on Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA). Environmental, gender concerns and the various livelihood options are addressed in these micro plans.90% of the required funds are allotted to the community to implement these micro plans. The community on its part contributes 10% of the cost of micro plans by way of cash..
(c) Fisheries Resource Management:
Identification of key issues in coastal and fisheries resources and their management is crucial, so that the communities are facilitated to plan and improve their environment and livelihoods. For this purpose, the services of specialist organizations in the fisheries sector are utilized. Awareness creation through workshops on environmental impact, safe fishing practices and diversification of fishing operations etc are undertaken at village, district and state levels.